Located in the Azores archipelago’s most stable island, sitting on the African tectonic plate, the Geodetic Fundamental Station of Santa Maria is the first of its kind in Portugal.
A new technological potential was open in Portugal in 2015 with the inauguration of this 13.2m radiotelescope, dedicated to geodetic Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) - the RAEGE "Colombo" radiotelescope at Santa Maria that is part of the International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS) network (RAEGSMAR).
This station currently hosts:
- Tri-band receiver operating in S-band (2.2 – 2.37 GHz), X-band (8.15 -9GHz), and Ka-band (21.77 – 24.45 GHz), and a new broadband receiver (2 – 14 GHz) planned for the end of 2018.
- Two permanent GNSS geodetic stations - one belonging to RAEGE, integrated in the International GNSS Service (IGS) and EUREF networks, and another one belonging to the regional network of permanent stations (AZSM - REPRAA]
- Gravimetry pavilion, comprising one gravimeter and one seismograph
- Maser clock
- Meteorological station
- Data centre
- Control room to operate the radiotelescope and monitor observations
- Office and residential facilities for staff and visitors.