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Santa Maria

Located in the Azores archipelago’s most stable island, sitting on the African tectonic plate, the Geodetic Fundamental Station of Santa Maria is the first of its kind in Portugal. 

A new technological potential was open in Portugal in 2015 with the inauguration of this 13.2m radiotelescope, dedicated to geodetic Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) - the RAEGE "Colombo" radiotelescope at Santa Maria that is part of the International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS) network (RAEGSMAR).

This station currently hosts:

  •  Tri-band receiver operating in S-band (2.2 – 2.37 GHz), X-band (8.15 -9GHz), and Ka-band (21.77 – 24.45 GHz), and a new broadband receiver (2 – 14 GHz) planned for the end of 2018.
  • Two permanent GNSS geodetic stations - one belonging to RAEGE, integrated in the International GNSS Service (IGS) and EUREF networks, and another one belonging to the regional network of permanent stations (AZSM - REPRAA]
  • Gravimetry pavilion, comprising one gravimeter and one seismograph
  • Maser clock
  • Meteorological station
  • Data centre
  • Control room to operate the radiotelescope and monitor observations
  • Office and residential facilities for staff and visitors.